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Conditions de genèse des gisements d'uranium associés aux discordances protérozoïques et localisés dans les socles. Exemple du socle du bassin d'Athabasca (Saskatchewan, Canada)

Abstract : New basement-hosted uranium deposits in Athabasca Basin (Saskatchewan, Canada) were recently discovered. This ore type is now a new exploration target. The formation processes of basement-hosted ores are discussed and their discovery is not obvious. To better understand this deposit type, a multidisciplinary study has been focussed on three deposits: Eagle Point, Millennium and P-Patch. The basement-hosted uranium oxides have variable chemical characteristics function of their crystallisation and posterior alteration conditions. U-Pb isotopic ages are in accordance with uranium oxides localized at the unconformity. The same tendency is observed too for Rare Earth Elements (REE) concentrations. Physico-chemical conditions and fluid circulations are thus close to for the two types of deposit. The brines associated to deposit formation circulate in the basement, for a part, thanks to metamorphic structures and microstructures reopenings under the same stress field than those occurring during the late metamorphic episodes. Microfracturing determines directly the alteration degree of the rock and thus the chemistry evolution of the brines. Basement alteration by brines is progressive and favours the successive destabilisation of mineral, permitting the transfer of several elements from the basement to the basin. Basement accessory minerals are altered to totally dissolved, indicating that the basement is a main source of uranium and REE for the mineralization formation. Late meteoric fluids (<300 Ma) destabilized previous uranium oxides and favour the crystallization of uranium redox-front in hydrothermal alteration halo
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Julien Mercadier. Conditions de genèse des gisements d'uranium associés aux discordances protérozoïques et localisés dans les socles. Exemple du socle du bassin d'Athabasca (Saskatchewan, Canada). Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008INPL108N⟩. ⟨tel-01753037⟩

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