Recherche de déterminants génétiques permettant l'adaptation d'une souche Escherichia coli à la mamelle bovine

Abstract : The objective of this work was to characterize the MPEC Escherichia coli P4 strain. A phylogenetic study showed that it belongs to the phylogenetic group A of the E. coli species and that its core genome is similar to the one of the commensal non-pathogenic E. coli K12 MG1655 strain which also belongs to the group A. A search in its genome of different genes encoding virulence factors known among other pathotypes of the E. coli species was done and only the traT gene, encoding a serum resistance factor, was detected. A screening of fifteen tRNA loci known for frequently hosting genomic islands, made in its genome, revealed for seven of them the presence of such structures. The partial or complete sequencing of the regions downstream from these seven loci showed the systematic presence of nucleotide sequences different from those present in E. coli K12 MG1655. If the content analysis of these islands does not yet explain the virulence of E. coli P4, their highlighting is the first of this kind in the pathotype MPEC and suggests the discovery of other genomic regions specific to this pathotype, which may explain its tropism and its nature. In addition, to assessing the role of E. coli P4 in milk caseinolysis observed during bovine mastitis, a constitutive secretion of four extracellular proteases was highlighted by casein zymography. However, the caseinolytic activity of these enzymes does not seem significant. This fact may suggest a role in virulence of the strain
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Delphine Dufour. Recherche de déterminants génétiques permettant l'adaptation d'une souche Escherichia coli à la mamelle bovine. Sciences agricoles. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008INPL050N⟩. ⟨tel-01753050⟩

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