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Etude et valorisation de différents bois du Kenya

Abstract : Prunus africana heartwood and sapwood were extracted using different solvents. Extractives were tested against fungi and termites in relation to the natural durability of Prunus africana. These were tested against Coriolus versicolor, Poria placenta, and Aureobasidium pullulans at concentrations. High inhibition was realized and increased with extract concentration. In some instances, fungal growth started after the control Petri dish was fully colonized showing fungistatic effect than fungicidal effect. Extracted and un-extracted wood samples were also tested against termites. When tested against Coriolus versicolor in the laboratory Prunus africana showed high natural durability. Extracted wood showed low resistance against termites while un-extracted was totally resistant. Dichloromethane extract showed the highest inhibition rate compared to water, acetone and toluene/ethanol extracts against fungi and termites. Microscopie analysis indicate the presence of important quantities of extractives deposited in the vessels which are removed after Soxhlet extraction. Spectroscopie and chromatographie analysis were investigated on dichloromethane extract to identify the compounds responsible for biological activities. Grevillea robusta was treated by cheap sap displacement method using Copper Chrome Arsenate (CCA). Results showed adequate penetration and retention for wood use in different hazard areas. Resistance of Greviflea robusta heat-treated samples was evaluated by malt agar block test against six wood rotting fungi a well as against termites in laboratory and field conditions. High durability against fungi and termites was realized after treatment. There was a positive correlation between decay resistance and mass loss due to thermal treatment. FTIR and 13C MAS NMR analysis showed chemical modification of wood components alte heat treatment.
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Francis Mburu. Etude et valorisation de différents bois du Kenya. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007NAN10057⟩. ⟨tel-01753758⟩



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