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Etude du mécanisme de régulation du gène et de l'importance biologique de la superoxyde dismutase à manganèse dans la croissance tumorale mammaire

Abstract : Manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn SOD or SOD2) is an important enzyme in the antioxidizing defence, which seems to play an unclear role in the cancer development, according to the constitutive expression of its gene. However, the regulation of this constitutive expression is not totally known, particularly in the breast cancer cells. This work is based on a preliminary revealing that a protein, called Damaged DNA Binding 2 (DDB2), specifically binds the SOD2 gene promoter. The DDB2 is known for its involvement in the nucleotide excision repair. At first step, we characterized the specific DNA sequence recognized in the proximal area of the SOD2 gene promoter, on which a DDB2 monomer binds, in order to regulate negatively the Mn SOD transcription in the MCF-7 non metastatic breast cancer cells. Besides, DDB2 is not involved in the mechanism of SOD2 gene induction, when MCF-7 cells are exposed to induced substances. However, we showed that the lack of the DDB2 protein, associated with the lack of the AP-2a transcription factor, already known as a repressor of the SOD2 gene, lead to a high Mn SOD constitutive expression in the metastatic breast cancer cells. Furthermore, this high constitutive expression is mainly dependent of the Sp1 transcription factor. Secondly, we estimated the biological meaning of the regulation of the Mn SOD constitutive expression by the DDB2 in the breast cancer cells. Our results show that the DDB2 activates the positive ER breast cancer cell proliferation, by exercising its negative regulation on the Mn SOD expression. Thirdly, we tried to show the consequences on the negative ER breast cancer cell growth, which naturally and highly express the Mn SOD. Our results reveal that the antioxidizing enzyme plays an important role in the molecular mechanisms involved in the invasive capacities of the negative ER breast cancer cells. The high Mn SOD expression, associated in a decrease of the H2O2 detoxifying enzymes expression, enhance the negative ER breast cancer cell invasion and an increase of the matrix metallopeptidase-9 activity. The H2O2 elimination, with specific antioxidants, decreases both negative ER breast cancer cell growth and invasive capacities. This whole work contributes to better understand the Mn SOD importance and the mechanism of its gene regulation, in the tumoral growth and invasion. This work also reveals the Mn SOD and DDB2 as potential predictive factors of the breast cancer progress. Finally, the discovery of this new DDB2 biological activity opens a huge field of interesting perspectives in breast cancer research.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 9:45:21 AM
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Vanessa Minig. Etude du mécanisme de régulation du gène et de l'importance biologique de la superoxyde dismutase à manganèse dans la croissance tumorale mammaire. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN10032⟩. ⟨tel-01754332⟩



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