Encapsulation of Nisin producing strain of Lactococcus lactis for active packaging development

Abstract : Nisin is an antimicrobial peptide produced by strains of Lactococus lactis subsp. lactis, recognized as safe for food applications by the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO). Nisin could be applied, for shelf-life extension, biopreservation, control of fermentation flora, and potentially as clinical antimicrobials. Entrapment of bacteria able to produce nisin in calcium alginate beads is promising way for cells immobilization in active films to extend food shelf-life. The present PhD work aimed to design biopolymeric active packaging entrapping bioprotective lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and control undesirable microorganisms growth in foods, particularly L. monocytogenes. First, the mechanical and chemical stability of the alginate beads were improved, and consequently the effectiveness of encapsulation was increased. Alginate/pectin (A/P) biopolymers were prepared, as first microspheres design, by extrusion technique to encapsulate nisin-producing Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis in different physiological state (exponential phase, stationary phase). Results showed that A/P composite beads were more efficient to increase beads properties than those formulated with pure alginate or pectin. Association of alginate and pectin induced a synergistic effect which improved microbeads mechanical properties. As a second microspheres design, aqueous-core microcapsules were prepared with an alginate hydrogel membrane and a xanthan gum core. Results showed that microcapsules with L.lactis in exponential state encapsulated in alginate membrane and aqueous-core based on xanthan gum with nutrients gave the best results and exhibit interesting antilisterial activity. These microparticles were applied in food preservation and particularly in active food packaging. A novel bioactive films (HPMC, starch) was developed and tested, entrapping active beads of alginate/xanthan gum core-shell microcapsules and alginate/pectin hydrogel enriched with L.lactis
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Mariam Bekhit. Encapsulation of Nisin producing strain of Lactococcus lactis for active packaging development. Food and Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0219⟩. ⟨tel-01754481⟩

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