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BAlGaN-based vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers operating in deep UV region

Abstract : The context of this thesis falls in the wide applications of UV light sources such as sterilization and purification. Compared to the conventional UV sources (excimer lasers, Nd: YAG lasers or mercury lamps), the semiconductor devices have advantages in reliability, compactness, high efficiency and minimum environmental effects. On the material aspect, III-nitrides (BAlGaInN) are promising candidates since they are chemically and physically stable with direct bandgaps covering from visible to DUV spectrum. On the structure aspect, vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) is one of the most attractive configurations considering its low threshold, high efficiency, and the possibility for the integration of 2D arrays and the wafer-level tests. It constitutes a multiple-quantum-well (MQW) active region sandwiched by a top and a bottom distributed Bragg reflector (DBR). However, no VCSELs can operate below 300 nm until now. The major challenges lie in the two main blocks: the emission efficiency of MQWs and the reflectivity of DBRs, which are limited by the quality of the substrates and epitaxial layers, optical-polarization properties of the MQW emission, small refractive index contrast of the layers used for DBRs at short wavelengths, etc. The objective of this thesis is to address this need by studying metal-organic vapor-phase epitaxy (MOVPE) growth of BAlGaN materials, developing AlGaN MQWs with enhanced surface emission and exploring BAlN/AlGaN DBRs, for the future development of optically-pumped VCSELs operating below 300 nm
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 9:51:48 AM
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Xin Li. BAlGaN-based vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers operating in deep UV region. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0243⟩. ⟨tel-01754512⟩



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