L’histoire de la philosophie des sciences mathématiques, physiques et chimiques au tournant du XXe siècle à travers l’étude des Scientifiques-Philosophes et de leurs pratiques philosophiques et éditoriales au sein de l’univers des revues philosophiques francophones

Abstract : For approximately twenty years, historians have used quantitative methods to examine the historic development of sciences. These methods have been used in a historiography to connect the quantitative point of view and the qualitative one. They gave rise to important works in various areas, particularly in the study of learned societies, journals, institutions or and specific scientific fields. Although promising, these methods still remain marginal in the study of the history of philosophy of sciences. This PhD thesis aims to give evidence of the utility and legitimacy of the quantitative methods in this area. We discuss theories usually endorsed of context in history and philosophy of sciences in the turn of the twentieth century. Then, we clarify the various problems met within classic and contemporary studies of this subject and we show the necessity of a quantitative approach. After that, we present the various steps and methods needed to build a database to present a general picture of the context of history and philosophy of sciences between 1870 and 1930. Finally we present an analysis of some epistemological and editorial practices of the “Scientifiques-Philosophes” in philosophical journals. We show how these practices participated in the institutionalization of the philosophy of sciences in the turn of the twentieth century.
Document type :
Theses
File URL :
http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/DDOC_T_2014_0372_GREBER.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01754530
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 9:52:14 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 12, 2018 - 6:18:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01754530, version 1

Citation

Jules-Henri Greber. L’histoire de la philosophie des sciences mathématiques, physiques et chimiques au tournant du XXe siècle à travers l’étude des Scientifiques-Philosophes et de leurs pratiques philosophiques et éditoriales au sein de l’univers des revues philosophiques francophones. Philosophie. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0372⟩. ⟨tel-01754530⟩

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