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Le groupe et sa représentation dans la littérature autour de 1900 : enjeux politiques et esthétiques

Abstract : In the context of the Belle Epoque, many novelists who cling to represent "groups", shape and diverse scope. This group representation incurs moral issues but also, and more, political issues. Across the Group, the question is that of the individual in his relationship with the company or with the Nation. In this period dominated by a general will to react against the decay, this question is that of individualism, analyzed and presented as a disease and as the same factor of the decomposition of the social body by Bourget, in 1881, in his "Theory decadence. " The question is moral insofar as it relates to the duties of the individual; it is also political, insofar as it relates to the proper functioning of society or the health of the nation. Finally, it is aesthetic, both because the problem of the decline of the literary work and the decadence of society are inseparable, according to the organismic vision Bourget in his "Theory of decadence", and because the relationship between the individual and the group, referring to the link between the novelist to his audience, but also to literary groups or networks of influence, committed a certain vision of literature. This thesis aims to reflect these thoughts from, not the stances of each other, but the representation of the group proposed to the inside of romantic fictions. In this perspective, reflection will focus particularly on some novels that share represent different forms of groups, including Paludes and Les Caves du Vatican Gide, The Uprooted of Maurice Barres, The Step of Paul Bourget, Le Sun dead Mauclair Camille and The Child in chains of François Mauriac
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 9:52:19 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01754534, version 1


Joëlle Fabiola Nsa Ndo. Le groupe et sa représentation dans la littérature autour de 1900 : enjeux politiques et esthétiques. Littératures. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0248⟩. ⟨tel-01754534⟩



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