Influence de la liaison chimique sur la structure des surfaces d'alliages métalliques complexes

Abstract : A complex metallic alloy is an intermetallic with a large unit cell and whose structure can often be seen as a stacking of motifs of strongly covalent-like bonded atoms. Al5Co2 is such a compound and is a potential catalyst for the semi-hydrogenation of acetylene. The influence of the 3-dimensional structure on 2-dimensional surfaces is investigated. Therefore, the bulk system is analysed using DFT to gain insight in the thermodynamic, electronic and vibrational properties. Good agreements between calculated results, experimental ones and results found in the literature are obtained. The low index (001), (100) and (2-10) surfaces are investigated. A combination of surface analysis techniques under ultra high vacuum - LEED, STM - and DFT calculations is used for the structural investigations. The results show that: (i) the surface structure depends on the preparation conditions, such as the annealing temperature, (ii) the surface structure can be interpreted as truncated motif parts, where the covalent-like bonds are broken. Adsorption sites and energies of molecules involved in the semi-hydrogenation reaction are calculated for all three surfaces. For favourable adsorption sites, specific distances of adsorbed H atoms with Co surface and subsurface atoms are observed. These Co subsurface atoms have an electron donor character, stabilising the adsorbed atoms at the surface. Based on NEB calculations, possible reaction paths on the (2-10) surface are proposed. The calculated activity is similar to the one obtained for the Al13Co4 surface, which is considered a good catalyst. The selectivity - the competition between desorption of ethylene and its further hydrogenation - is discussed.
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Matthias Meier. Influence de la liaison chimique sur la structure des surfaces d'alliages métalliques complexes. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0257⟩. ⟨tel-01754541⟩

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