Réactivité de catalyseurs à base de cérium pour l'oxydation catalytique des colorants textiles en procédé Fenton/photo Fenton

Abstract : In this work, the parameters and mechanisms governing the reactivity of cerium based materials towards the degradation of textile dyes, taken separately or in binary mixture, in Fenton/photo-Fenton process have been investigated. For this purpose, five sets of catalysts were performed in order to determine the respective effects of : (i) the specific surface area of commercial CeO2 (SBET = 11, 101,5 ; 148 ; 235 and 284 m2/g); (ii) the zirconia doping ((CexZr1-xO2 with different Ce content (x = 0 ; 0,2 ; 0,5 ; 0,8 ; 1)); (iii) the treatment with H2SO4 ; and (iv) the impregnation of different metals in CeO2 (M = Ba, Bi, La, V and Mo). The textural, structural and chemical properties of the studied ceria-based materials were systematically characterized by nitrogen porosimetry, Raman, XRD, XPS, ATR/FTIR, DR-UV-Vis and TGA. Discoloration and mineralization kinetics of Orange II dye in presence of CeO2/H2O2 system are strongly related to the surface area of catalysts and other parameters (UV-Vis irradiation, pH, temperature, concentration of catalyst and H2O2). The presence of another dye with similar (Acid Green 25) or opposite charge (Malachite Green) can also influence the discoloration kinetics of Orange II. Comparing with single dye solutions, the degradation efficiency of both Orange II and Acid Green 25 were reduced in the mixture due to the competitive adsorption of both anionic dyes onto the same surface Ce sites. However, the discoloration of Malachite Green was enhanced in the presence of Orange II due to the simultaneous contribution of both coagulation/flocculation and Fenton-like process. It is suggested that a Malachite Green ion is electrostatically attracted by an Orange II ion at pH = 3. In addition, the performance of the mixed oxides in the heterogeneous Fenton process is strongly related to their textural, structural and chemical properties. Briefly, characterizations by XRD and Raman spectroscopy indicate that these nanosized mixed oxides can be considered as good quality solid solutions and possess structural properties consistent with the known phase diagram of CexZ1-xO2. The sulfation treatment mostly affects the Ce rich catalysts by increasing the crystallite size and lowering the specific surface area. The dissolution of ceria during sulfation followed by formation of Ce(SO4)2 amorphous phase on catalyst surface was investigated by UV-Vis and TGA analysis. Sulfation treatment as well as doping ceria with Zr increases the amount of reduced sites Ce (III) and defect sites.DR-UV-Vis, FTIR/ATR and Raman spectroscopic studies for adsorption and activation of H2O2 on mixed oxides show the formation of surface Ce-peroxo species as intermediate to generate hydroxyl radicals. The relative amounts of these species on the mixed oxides and/or not modified was indirectly determined using TPD-MS, giving rather good indication about the performances of catalysts towards the degradation of dye. The concentration of surface Ce, the density of defects Ce(III) sites (increased by doping and sulfation treatment) and the surface area appear to be among the most important parameters affecting the catalytic activity. Impregnation of ceria with different metals did not show a positive effect on the reactivity of this material in Fenton process. A possible mechanism for the activation of H2O2 was discussed in details according to all the experimental results and to the literature. From a mechanistic viewpoint, it is shown using FTIR/ATR and liquid UV-Vis spectroscopic measurements that the adsorption of the anionic dye is highly pH-dependent and proceeds via electrostatic interactions with surface metal centers. A possible pathway for Orange degradation is proposed on the basis of qualitative and quantitative detection of intermediate compounds, in liquid phase and on catalyst surface, using various techniques (FTIR/ATR, DR-UV-VIS, HPLC and GC/MS)
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Houeida Issa Hamoud. Réactivité de catalyseurs à base de cérium pour l'oxydation catalytique des colorants textiles en procédé Fenton/photo Fenton. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0260⟩. ⟨tel-01754544⟩

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