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Les causes de l'abandon de l'étude du français au Kenya : étude didactique et sociolinguistique

Abstract : This thesis is the first doctoral research conducted in Kenya on causes of decline in French foreign language learners in high school. It analyzes the context of language learning in Kenya: their origins, their uses, their users and the didactic relations, professional, social, economic and cultural, maintained by Kenya and its neighboring countries. The coexistence of languages in Kenya has a variety of uses and importance. French language is part of this multilingual society and is taught from primary school to higher level of learning. This study highlights the links between the sociolinguistic situation and didactic approach of French language. It shows the origin of French language in this English-speaking country, from the era of slavery and language policy on education in Kenya. It tries to show the image of French in teaching and learning. Attitudes to French language and its image are also discussed. Seven French key officials in Kenya and 64 French teachers were interviewed. 179 French learners from high school answered a questionnaire. The questions focused on discontinuation of the language and choice to continue the learning of French language at the end of the second year of high school. The results show that several factors are pushing students to drop or otherwise pursue the study of French language. First, those who drop out do so because of many subjects taught in high school and secondly, those who continue to learn, is because of the love of French language. The study also revealed that although French is not the only foreign language taught in high schools in Kenya, it is the most preferred by students from primary school through to institutions of higher learning. However, the decrease in the number of French learners was seen to occur a lot in the third year of high school. The study also showed lack of motivation from French learners in secondary schools, a situation that makes the number decrease from the initial registration; from form one to form four. The same scenario is noted in regard to French learners in Kenyan universities and at Alliances Française in Kenya.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 9:53:50 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01754578, version 1



Bernard Nzuki Kyuma. Les causes de l'abandon de l'étude du français au Kenya : étude didactique et sociolinguistique. Linguistique. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0234⟩. ⟨tel-01754578⟩



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