Étude de la transformation martensitique et de la reversion de l’alliage PuGa 1at.%

Abstract : The [delat]-stabilized PuGa 1at.% is only in a metastable state and therefore is very sensitive to the external environment (phase transformation under thermal and mechanical loading). The originality of this work consists in a quantitative In Situ characterization of the [delta to alpha'] martensitic transformation (nature and amount of existing phases, evolution of lattice parameters and induced microstrains …) as well as a microstructural study conducted under different transformation conditions (temperature and mechanical loading). The isothermal character of the transformation kinetics in the PuGa 1at.% was confirmed. The analysis of the kinetics from the Pati and Cohen formalism gave the opportunity to investigate the mechanisms involved during the transformation (autocatalytic nucleation, interaction between the new variant formed and the matrix). Modifications induced in a stressed material (increase in temperature Ms, crystallographic orientation of transformation products) were calculated from the Patel and Cohen formalism. Microstructural numerical simulations were also performed in order to understand the effect of elastic interactions associated with transformation eigenstrain on the martensite plate morphology and plates arrangement in regard of the observations by SEM and OM. The direct confrontation of all results highlighted the large influence of accumulated stresses in the material during the transformation. Indeed, while an autocatalytic effect controls the first steps of the kinetic, an accumulation of unfavorable mechanical interactions occurs gradually explaining the partial nature of this transformation. The study of the martensitic transformation occurring at low temperature and under stresses was complemented by the study of its reversion into the [delta] phase in order to grasp the different mechanisms driving this reversion. This work shows the existence of competition between direct and indirect reversion modes, the latter being closely related to the mobility of gallium and to the thermodynamic stability of different phases of the alloy versus temperature
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Fanny Lalire. Étude de la transformation martensitique et de la reversion de l’alliage PuGa 1at.%. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0308⟩. ⟨tel-01754605⟩

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