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La philosophie à l'âge de la science : édition commentée d'un livre inachevé de Jules Vuillemin

Abstract : In the mid-1990s, Jules Vuillemin (1920-2001) was working on a book entitled Être et choix. Éléments de philosophie réaliste, intended to present in systematic form his last philosophy. The aim of our work is to study it from the text, unfinished, held by the Archives Vuillemin (Laboratoire d'Histoire des Sciences et de Philosophie – UMR 7117). To achieve this, we organized our work in two arts. In the first part, we provide a general introduction to the text of Vuillemin. Its objective is to report factually the status of the manuscript (versions, dating), and to provide an overall interpretation of it. We support in particular that the philosophical position of Vuillemin, which we call skeptical realism is linked to his meta-philosophical position, which we call critical pluralism. According to our interpretation, it is mainly the weaknesses of intuitionistic position that guided Vuillemin to choose realism. We show it in particular in the field of the sensible world, morality, and mathematics. In the second part, we present a transcription of Vuillemin's manuscript accompanied by a linear comment. After the synthetic approach of the introduction, the method adopted here is an analysis of the text. In the first chapter, “Qu'est-ce que la philosophie ?”, we show that pluralism defended by Vuillemin produced a change in method leading it to adopt an anti-foundational conception of ontological beliefs. In the second chapter, “La réalité sensible”, we argue that Vuillemin tries to refute idealism from an intuitionistic point of view, using arguments close to those used by Poincaré in his theory of representative space, and Merleau-Ponty in his phenomenology of perception, but this attempt results in a partial failure. We interpret this as another reason that prompted Vuillemin to reject intuitionism in favor of realism. Finally, in the third chapter, “L'institution de l'homme”, we show that the investigation of the natural signals of perception should logically extend to a survey of linguistic signs to introduce the only category to refer to Platonic Ideas, which Vuillemin called pure predication.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 9:55:41 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01754634, version 1


David Thomasette. La philosophie à l'âge de la science : édition commentée d'un livre inachevé de Jules Vuillemin. Philosophie. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0271⟩. ⟨tel-01754634⟩



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