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Transfert culturels, traductions et adaptations féminines en France et en Espagne au siècle des Lumières

Abstract : The favourable reception in Spain of works by Madame de Genlis, Madame de Beaumont, Madame d’Épinay and Madame de Lambert constitutes an important chapter in the literary fortune that these authors came to achieve outside of France and particularly, in Spain during the period of Enlightenment. The pedagogical obsession of the Spanish Enlightenment scholars, women’s interest in reading and the development of publishing provoked a veritable avalanche of texts aimed at the education and schooling of women throughout the XVIII century, especially in the middle of the century at a time when a strong interest in translating foreign literary works was surfacing. Concurrent with this pedagogical interest taking place during the Enlightenment, the subject of education had become a beacon in the editorial production of the time. Consequently, the educational debates which had been taking place in France also began to become the subjects in Spanish educational circles a result of the various translations of French literary works. The pedagogic lens in the literary production of Marie Leprince de Beaumont, Stéphanie Félicité de Genlis, Louise d’Épinay and Madame de Lambert seduced a large number of Spanish Enlightenment intellectuals. The sensitivity of these French pedagogues on moral and religious matters translated perfectly to Spanish literary creations; it was a literature which respected traditional spiritual values at the same time as remaining open to the new concept of “sensitive virtue” This resurgence in female influence would go on to became apparent in the translations of French pedagogic literary works as a good number of these writings passed through the hands of women. Ana Muñoz, María Jacoba Castilla, María Romero Masegosa, Antonia de Río y Arnedo, Cayetana de la Cerda and so many others alternated between being translators and Spanish writers who gave a feminine perspective to the movement to emancipate and educate Spanish women. Notably, these women were responsible for the first Spanish versions of works by Madame de Lambert, Madame d’Épinay and Madame de Genlis. This research will analyse the transformation of these French pedagogical works: their first translations in Spain and how they influenced Spanish pedagogical literature, especially when produced by women. In doing so it will outline a number of specific traits which characterise hispanic female literary production.
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Beatriz Onandia. Transfert culturels, traductions et adaptations féminines en France et en Espagne au siècle des Lumières. Littératures. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0096⟩. ⟨tel-01754688⟩



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