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L'évolution des forces politiques en Moselle de 1945 à 1981

Abstract : In many respect, the Moselle department has know an undeniable specificity. Indeed many determiants have left marks that have had an influence on political behaviour : historical circumstances such as the two world wars and annexion ; geographical variations, linguistic differences, distinction between rural and industrial regions, sociological causes such as religion or the native countries of the immigrant population. The study of different political parties, their organization and structures and the national polls between the end of the second world war and the "pink wave" of 1981, has permitted to verify how this specificity traduced itself and now it evolved : the influence of the catholic religion is perceptible first in the strong implantation of the "Christian democracy", then by the emerging of a left wing Christien current ; the importance of the national feeling entails a massive adhesion to "Gaullism" ; the communist party is almost alone among the left wing political parties but at the same time, in some geographical sectors, the workers vote is relatively right wing oriented. Besides, the fluctuation of traditional parties are also studied : the importance and the decline of the Gaullist party ; correlative resurging of "centrism" and the traditional right wing politics ; rise of the socialist party ; maintenance and then brutal downfall of the communist party in a context of crisis for the big industries of the department. Since the beginning of the seventies, the political specificity of the Moselle department decreases in proportion as decreases the religious influence and as the remembrance of the war and annexation becomes smaller. The department now tends to fall into line with the national political life, even though the polls results stills point out to some persisting specifical traits
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Aurélie Rey. L'évolution des forces politiques en Moselle de 1945 à 1981. Histoire. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008METZ019L⟩. ⟨tel-01754693⟩



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