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Une anthropologie comparative du don et de la baraka : quelques exemples sur le maraboutisme tunisien

Abstract : The subject matter of this study is a comparison between gift and baraka. We went to Bir El Haffey, a town located in the governorship of Sidi Bouzid, central Tunisia. A popular Islam still remains in this part of the country and its main aspect relies upon the notion of baraka. Viewed as a kind of grace this notion is supposed to steep the descendants of the Prophet and of his companions: the marabous. Witch doctors are healers, soothsayers, spirits specialists, sorcerers or amulets writers. Their efficiency relies for the most part upon the legacy of a tradition but also upon a reward after having overcome the determining ordeal of illness. We met several marabous (women and men) and realised that the psychological disorders they had to go through are the same as their patients. At Bir El Haffey, these disorders are especially the evil eye and the possession by spirits. We tried to demonstrate that while taking on feminine condition aspects, these disorders are the metaphor of a legacy crisis. Perceived like a sign, this crisis is not only in the middle of the system of baraka transmission but also in the popular religiosity
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Salem Akrimi. Une anthropologie comparative du don et de la baraka : quelques exemples sur le maraboutisme tunisien. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006METZ023L⟩. ⟨tel-01775864⟩

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