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De la réflexivité à la prismaticité : dispositifs, agencements, limites

Abstract : These works aim at proposing a new approach of a phenomenon named until today reflexivity. The research route consists in revisiting this notion under various angles. First of all, work on the possibility of the reflexive phenomenon, on its theoretical bases and its applications in various arts: literature, cinema, theater ... This first approach showed the necessary conditions for the existence of a reflexive shape, conditions which we find with difficulty in television. It was also necessary to return on what implied this notion of reflexivity: Speech of television on itself, construction of a criticism of television. We showed that the criticism of television has never existed, taking rather the shape of a chronicle, and than television was not a speaking subject, but an hypercomplex object composed by multiple voices. For these reasons (and others) we were brought to introduce a new abstract and analytical tool : the prism. this new tool shows itself more powerful and more adequate to report a more and more visible phenomenon: development of broadcasts taking television for subject. The prism is above all a practice, a speech act, transposable in any type of broadcast, which allows to go farther to the analysis of these broadcasts.
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Nabil Aliouane. De la réflexivité à la prismaticité : dispositifs, agencements, limites. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2004. Français. ⟨NNT : 2004METZ011L⟩. ⟨tel-01775872⟩

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