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Les Mutations socio-spatiales, culturelles et aspects anthropologiques en milieu aride : cas de la Jeffara Tuniso-Lybienne : 1837-1956

Abstract : The socio-spatial and cultural transformations and the anthropological aspects in the arid environment of the Tuniso-lybian Jeffara in relation with the Arab Machrek (East) and Maghreb (West) from 1837 to 1956. The Jeffarian tribes culture between myth and reality, the relationship between governors and governed in a space of sovereignty where consequences of a double nature appear : (endogenous and exogenous) conveying the weight of the international environment, power and forces of opposition in Jeffara, the marking and the demarcation of the space leading to a struggle againts The Turkish, the french and the italian expansion. The transfer mythology of the Ourghema population (a confederation of tribes that live in western Jeffara and immigration in the Tripolitain way, the ebb and flow of refugees, the role played by associations of refugees, brotherhood and coffs. Survey and commentary of the corpus of the poetry relative to that time. The confederation of Werghemma, hierarchy and pacts with oter Tunisian and Libyan tribes. The comparison between The Pacts El Foudhoul (pact of the virtuous) of 1837 in the Tuniso-libyan jeffara, survey of thre different "Diwan" (compilations) of poetry about plains, Dhahar mountain chain, and Tripolitain life. The multidisciplinary content of the poetic message, its role in the history of "Jeffara" as an heritage grouping all the components of the Jeffarian culture. The foreign powers and the use of force and diplomatic practice that separated tribes forming a society marked by war values and grouped in a semi-autonomous confederation. This society being between the regency of Tunis and the Wilaya of Tripoli formed a kind of and independent state that stands between the Othmans in tripoli and the Regency of Tunis to prevent any relationship between them. Considered by the french protectorate as Makhzen tribes in a territory announced military and marginalized by the Beys of Tunis and the Othomans of Tripoli. The Jeffara, space of confused and shared sovereignty by the tribes and the foreign powers, this Saharan space has been produced by the diachronic superimposing od two political spaces-one of the central power showing a tendency to create a rivalry with other outlying powers this establishing a relationship of annexation.
Mots-clés : 306.4 Nomades Anthropologie
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Abderrahman Abdelkebir. Les Mutations socio-spatiales, culturelles et aspects anthropologiques en milieu aride : cas de la Jeffara Tuniso-Lybienne : 1837-1956. Sociologie. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2003. Français. ⟨NNT : 2003METZ016L⟩. ⟨tel-01775898⟩

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