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La présence militaire française en Allemagne de 1945 à 1993 : étude de géographie humaine

Abstract : General de lattre de tassigny's troops crossed the Rhine in april, 1945. Since then, the french army has been present in germany. As occupying forces, in compliance with the berlin accord, the troops were stationed in the Rhineland-Paltinate and Baden-Wurtemberg, an area of 48 000 sq kms. Stationed forces as of 1955, over the years the french forces in germany gave rise to a complex society, partly artificial, but nevertheless forming a real "community". Neither french citizens living abroad, nor french citizens living in France, all military and civilian personnel are under the authority of the general commander-in-chief, and are housed in residential areas built especially for them and offering services as much as possible like those available in france, staffed by "civilian personnel following the troops", and including the domain of leisure activities. To respond to the needs of a population having totalled up to 80 000 people, the army became an employer of civilian personnel, many of whom live near the obrder. The army developed its own transport system. Its budget, voted annually as part of the defense budget, is converted in part into dms to cover expenses in the german sector, and is thus sensitive to fluctuations in the dm ff exchange rate. All these factors, in addition to the proximity to the border, limit relations with the German milieu and allowed for the development of a specific population, living neither wholly in France, nor wholly in Germany. The end of a divided Europe did not, however, put an end to the French military presence. Since september 1, 1993, the french forces stationed in Germany have been recentered around Baden-Baden. The 1st tank division, all that remains of the dissolved 2nd army corps, is - along with the Franco-German Brigade-part of Eurocorps with headquarters in Strasburg
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:50:13 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776024, version 1



Hélène Engels. La présence militaire française en Allemagne de 1945 à 1993 : étude de géographie humaine. Histoire. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 1994. Français. ⟨NNT : 1994METZ012L⟩. ⟨tel-01776024⟩



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