Un espace montagnard et une société en crise au cœur de l'Anti-Atlas : la contrée d'Igherm

Abstract : Located at the heart of the Anti-Atlas, the region of Igherm is occupied by Berber tribes chleuh, an old sedentary farming community like are all the tribes of the Western and central Anti-Atlas. The agrarian landscape of this space expresses a type of installation of the Moroccan mountain characterized by a habitat enough grouped and a development associating the irrigation of the basic cultures of valleys, the cultivation of cereals and the arboriculture of terrace into rain and the exploitation of course with or without argans. The agrarian landscapes such as one currently observes them in this region can be only the fruit of remarkable efforts provided by generations of mountain peasants. The balance which existed between the medium and its population tends to yield the place to a more and more accentuated imbalance. The surest testimony of the state of imbalance inside the rural life is provided by the existence even emigration. This exodus which the country ighermien knows is undoubtedly most dangerous for its future. This phenomenon can only develop of solutions are not found which would make it possible to increase the production and which could take part in a rehabilitation of the area and its development. The contact of the population with the external world deeply transformed the traditional conditions of the country life and set up a new social stratification. At all events, the importance of migratory movements translate only the major crisis that the area crosses.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_2001_0006_ZARGUEF.pdf
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:53:57 PM
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Ahmed Zarguef. Un espace montagnard et une société en crise au cœur de l'Anti-Atlas : la contrée d'Igherm. Géographie. Université Nancy 2, 2001. Français. ⟨NNT : 2001NAN21006⟩. ⟨tel-01776190⟩

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