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La méthode thématique de Starobinski : théorie et mise en oeuvre de la "relation critique"

Abstract : Starobinski's criticism has denominations of thematic, existential and subjective criticism at the same time. These multiple denominations about his criticism explain his own particularity. Taking part in the movement of relativism that was reinforced by the refuse of absolute value after the cruel Second World War and permitted human consciousness to approach to human phenomena through diverse perspectives. Starobinski preferred not to imprison in one method, and applied each analysis method to each work to study. This is the reason why Starobinski's criticism doesn't have one form. This thesis aims to illustrate Starobinski's own critical world in three points of view. First, this thesis examines general theories of literary criticisms and thematic criticism, second, general theories of Starobinski's criticism, and third, his concrete analyses by the criticism. The introduction describes the historical background of the birth of Starobinski's criticism, examining literary criticisms of Sainte-Beuve, of Taine, of Lanson, of Bachelard, of Sartre, of Barthes, of Goldmann and of other thematic critics. The first chapter is to find out the epidemiological foundations that determine and define all of Starobinski's critical activities. This chapter includes Starobinski's own concept of 'relation' and the sense of reflexive liberty, and his thematic critical theory. The second and the third chapters comprise analyses of Starobinski's critical works that regard the discordance of internal life and external life, provoked by the human relations, as the origin of human evil and misery. To explain this discordance, the critic use these themes, such as 'regard', 'masque', 'transparence', 'obstacle' and 'melancholy'.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:55:28 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776244, version 1



Sang-Suk Chang. La méthode thématique de Starobinski : théorie et mise en oeuvre de la "relation critique". Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 2000. Français. ⟨NNT : 2000NAN21007⟩. ⟨tel-01776244⟩



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