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Persuader avant trois ans : Etude longitudinale des moyens employés par la dyade mère-enfant et de leurs effets en situation communicative de requête

Abstract : This research estimates the child's early persuasive skills, especially speech means, and their developments in the communicative situation or request. These sequences are analysed when child and mother in both turn initiate and are directed to, which allows interpersonal (mother/child) and intrapersonal (initiate/directed) comparisons of the use and effect of each mean on the unfolding of the conversationnal interaction. The analyse is based on two longitudinal studies of mother-child natural interaction which occured between the ages of 1;6 and 3;0. Children are both only-child, from the middle-classe and french is their native language. Apart from classical forms of requesting and refusing, results underline that dyades give an important share to justificative behaviours. Besides, they reveal a distinguished use of the justification relative to the behaviour it refeers to (request/refusal), showing the child's early understanding of the pragmatic rules of its production. Moreover, we pointed out that in conflicting situations, children mostly jusitfy their requests when mothers have already justified their refusals. Then, this early contra-argumentative use of the justification increases the child's probability of being satisfied. Finaly, we found an evolution in the nature (kind) of different justificatory contents given by the child as a support of her/his request and refusal, that can be linked with their effect on the sorting of the exchange. Those results will be discussed regarding the child's growing socio-cognitive hability to take into account and fit with her/his interlocutor's point of view.
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Isabelle Gauthier. Persuader avant trois ans : Etude longitudinale des moyens employés par la dyade mère-enfant et de leurs effets en situation communicative de requête. Psychologie. Université Nancy 2, 2001. Français. ⟨NNT : 2001NAN21013⟩. ⟨tel-01776245⟩

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