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Contribution à l'étude de la phonologie de l'arabe marocain : accent, schwa, syllabe

Abstract : The thesis is a contribution to the study of some phonological issues and some aspects of Moroccan Arabic (MA) phonology : stress, schwa, syllabe. The first part is devoted to a review of the literature. The adopted framework is generative phonology. The outlines of the non linear phonology and different theories (autosegmental, metrical, and the CV theory) are studied. The second part treat Stress seen from the metrical theory and with respect to the example of English. Arab grammarians' studies and approaches to stress in MA are studied. The methods of metrical analyses being exposed and a framework established, we give our own data in order to build our analysis of stress in MA, which is limited to verbs. We come up to the conclusion that in MA, stress falls on the penultimate. The third part deals with schwa in different theoritical frameworks (linear, non linear -CV-, government and licensing theories) that we test with respect to MA. Some previous analyses of Schwa in Maghrebian Arabic and in MA are also considered. We then establish an exhaustive data set which contains the verbs and their paradigms, nouns and adjectives. We have two base forms CCC or ?C?C?C ; the Schwa in MA is underlying and results neither from metathesis nor epenthesis. The last part is devoted to the syllabe. We discuss some theoritical analysis of the syllabe (optimality theory, declarative theory and government theory...). Our reflection move then to the syllabe in MA, for which we attempt to establish our own theory of the syllabe. This one is not a good unit of analysis in MA but it is rather the result of the existence of units and elements.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:55:53 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 15, 2020 - 3:47:45 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01776262, version 1



Aïcha Barkaoui. Contribution à l'étude de la phonologie de l'arabe marocain : accent, schwa, syllabe. Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 2000. Français. ⟨NNT : 2000NAN21017⟩. ⟨tel-01776262⟩



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