Le rôle du sexe dans les intérêts et choix scolaires pour les branches scientifiques et techniques :

Abstract : This study tries, on the one hand, to find the factors which influence the choice of school orientations which lead to women's minority in scientific and technical professions and, on the other hand, to rapproche girls to the sciences. In the research of the variables which contribute to the sciences being less attractive to women than to men, the following factors have been analyzed : the pre-academic interests (operationalized by the early childhood games), the personality traits, the academic concept of self and cognitive variables, on the basis of a sample constituted by students of the secondary school, with an age average of 14 years (n=849). To achieve the other goal, namely to find a solution to counteract the differences, we followed the most promising way. We present the scientific and technical subjects in a feminine context which interests the girls more, and in a masculine context which interests the boys more. The structural models have shown that the biological sex and the games of the early childhood play the greatest role in the prediction of interests in scientific and technical branches. The boys and subjects who spent more time with masculine games in their early childhood are more interested in scientific and technical subjects than the girls and those subjects who spent more time with feminine games. It is interesting to note that the cognitive variables do not influence the interests for scientific and technical subjects. The individual interests must therefore be taken into account when adapting the subjects to the girls' and boys' interests in the text books in order to achieve an increase of interest for these scientific and technical subjects.
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Sylvie Kerger. Le rôle du sexe dans les intérêts et choix scolaires pour les branches scientifiques et techniques :. Psychologie. Université Nancy 2, 2005. Français. ⟨NNT : 2005NAN21018⟩. ⟨tel-01776308⟩

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