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Faits de langue en anglais non-standard : études des marques énonciatives

Abstract : Non-standard English refers to a language use which is not subject to the same rules as standard English, and which differs from the users' expectations in a number of specific linguistic forms and aspects. Though it is often regarded as "'improper" and unacceptable by "educated'" speakers, non-standard English appears in casual speech and, like standard English, runs across dialect boundaries. The linguistic description of speech marks aims to show, first, that this form of English ascribes slightly different values to the markers it shares with the standard language, and, secondly, that it does without other markers of the same language. This will lead to a redefinition of the relationship between all the markers in non-standard English so as to obtain a system with a place for everything and everything in its place. In other words, not only can the linguistic description of non-standard English be viewed as revealing redundancy at mark level in standard English (cf. the third person -s inflection in the present tense), but also as expressing other forms of redundancies which do not appear in standard English and are introduced in non-standard English (cf. negative concord). This study first suggests a reflection about the nature of non-standard English, and attempts to define its specificity and limits within a fixed linguistic system. A description of speech marks will then be given in areas like verbal inflections (chronology and speech marks, third person -s inflection, auxiliaries, etc.), negation (multiple negation, negated items in the sentence, operator ain't,...), deixis (situational anchoring, noun determination, deictics, etc.), and modality (modals, sentences featuring two modals, other forms of modality), relative to the context. finally, the distinction standard/non-standard, arbitrary though it may seem, allows to open the analysis to other varieties of the same language and think about the relationship they have between them.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:58:43 PM
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Patrice Larroque. Faits de langue en anglais non-standard : études des marques énonciatives. Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 1999. Français. ⟨NNT : 1999NAN21023⟩. ⟨tel-01776377⟩



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