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Theses

Le dandysme et la mort à travers l'oeuvre de Julien Gracq :

Abstract : Dandyism is approached as a figure of a cultural and decadent resistance to modern egalitarism. The aesthetic points illustrated by dandyism are confronted with the grand movement of social and historiographical thought of the 19th century. They translate in fact a recording of kantian criticism in the artistic manifestation of the second half of the century and the sentimental emergence of the absurd in advance on the beginning of the twentieth century. It is such by the skew of the interdisciplinary game that some large transitional figures (as Jacques Vaché) are approached, to show how they introduce the action of a new literary psyche into the century. Moreover, this new psyche manifests itself according to clearly identifiable psychic effects, because of the radicalisation that they operate of the relationaship with the body. These are the obsessional recurrences of dandyism and they organise themselves clearly around death, the dominant theme. Death offers itself as a privileged vector for psychocritical analysis, to study the modalities of the body representation, hypertrophied by the aesthetic of dandyism, and put them in relation with literary creation. The gracquian corpus signals itself right away by the line tied between an exaggerated literary dandyism - that we can observe through the posture of the author and his characters - and a game of morbid fascination. The thesis must surmont the difficulty of an opposition or a theoretical solution to philosophical approaches of death, of a phenomenology of the eye relationship with the body, demarcate and define the mechanism of literary regression, evaluate her stakes into creation, distinguish words, distinguish deaths, define the cathartic game put in action by the look on the face of the cadaver and by the look on the Gracq's dandy character...
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Jacques Mancuso. Le dandysme et la mort à travers l'oeuvre de Julien Gracq :. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 2001. Français. ⟨NNT : 2001NAN21009⟩. ⟨tel-01776378⟩

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