Marcel Marceau : contribution à l'étude de l'art du mime

Abstract : The tradition of modern mime dates back to the pantomime blanche of the 19th century. Bip, the character created by Marcel Marceau, is the descendent of Pierrot, from whom he inherited his pale white dreamy face. Bip is first of all a hero of our time and resembles his other counterpart, Charlie Chaplin, with his burlesque nature. But the originality of Marceau's creation is not the result of its numerous cultural references. Inspired by Decroux's grammaire statuaire. Marceau created his own mime technique. His attention to detail establishes a code composed of different positions of the hands, steps and immobile poses. In his Bip and style pantomimes, as well as in his mimodramas, he completes this code with technical processes thanks to which, having no recourse to real accesories, he his able to render the invisible visible. Mime is a means of communication without words. Every mime performance is thus a group of signs, which the initiated spectator receives and interprets according to accepted convention and his previous experience Marceau's system of codification creates a breakdown of the gesture sequence into minimal units, which contain meaning and afterwards can be drawn, in this case following the rules of Labanotation. Moreover, the dinstinct gesture sequence compose larger groups which transmit a chain of messages constituting the fable of the pantomime. Marceau's work is characterized by a constant search for new solutions in the domain of mime narratif. To the classic signifying elements of theater, Marceau adds those which were heretofore considered foreign to this dramatic genre, such as music and sound effects, with the result that the fable is conveved on many different levels of signification
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1998_0003_KUHNL_KINEL.pdf
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Agnieszka Kühnl-Kinel. Marcel Marceau : contribution à l'étude de l'art du mime. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Nancy 2, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998NAN21003⟩. ⟨tel-01776421⟩

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