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Intelligence sociale et sentiment : un exemple chez des enfants et des adolescents à l'égard de leurs pairs et d'enfants sourds

Abstract : We suggest to get out of the restrictive frame in which intelligence has been confined for years by demonstrating that social intelligence does exist thanks to a theoretical model operationalized by two analyses : (1) descriptive (content analysis of an open questionnaire which induces the child, thanks to a role taking task, to have various positions including being deaf), (2) multi-dimensional [previous results crossed with four independent variables (age, sex, socio-professional condition and interaction level), two intervening variables (information and attitude towards deaf people) and one dependent variable (prosocial)]. the first analysis enables us to draw a + portrait; of social intelligence in 25 categories and 8 main dimensions. the comparison with literature enables us to conclude to the tangible reality of the concept, to a higher number of dimensions that we could suppose, and to the undeniable presence of affective and emotional elements. the second analysis (without using a causal model) confirms the empirical dimensions, first by correlations between positive scores (attitude and prosocial) with a prosocial, perspicacious, inter-relational and contingent social intelligence, then by correlations between negative scores and a social intelligence in a pessimistic and unpleasant emotional context. we also note a genetic evolution which covariates with a differential sex effect (prosocial among female adolescent girls versus rejection among 8-to-10-year old boys); emotional reactions which vary with the age and the level of interaction with the handicapped; an abilities for subjects, as soon as eight years old, to show interrelational or perspicacious social intelligence in spite of real emotional contexts; one contingent social intelligence that exists above all at adolescence, and so on. the results are put in perspective in the field of applied psychology and domains where social intelligence can play a great part : handicapped + insertion ;, education world, family and professional relationships...
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Jean-Marc Ferretti. Intelligence sociale et sentiment : un exemple chez des enfants et des adolescents à l'égard de leurs pairs et d'enfants sourds. Psychologie. Université Nancy 2, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998NAN21005⟩. ⟨tel-01776424⟩

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