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Autorévélation de l'Homme : lecture jungienne de l'œuvre de Hermann Hesse

Abstract : The year 1917 appears to be a watershed in the literary works of Hermann Hesse since the ideas of the Zurich psychiatrist and psychologist C.G. Jung appear in the novel Demian. The novelist has adopted Jung's theories on the literary plane and this is why a study of the artistic creation, which takes into account all his novels, tales and short stories and which is based on intertextuality, is not only jusitifed but necessary. After undergoing psychoanalysis under the direction of Dr Lang, a disciple of C.G. Jung, and afterwards by Jung himself, Hermann Hesse is able to give a new perspective to the hopeless situation of his protagonists, who in such tales as Peter Camenzind or Gertrud repeatedly hang into the door of their own unconscious mind and therefore cannot have a positive development. Due to his knowledge of C.G. Jung's discoveries, in particular those of the collective unconsciousness, Hermann Hesse invites the reader to accompany his "Hessian" characters along the path to initiation which is his "process of individualization". Thus the Keller-type novel of education takes on a psychoanalytical dimension. But why has Hermann Hesse used his personal experience of psychoanalysis as a source of inspiration ? What is the aiming at ? To what extent has this modified his writing and what can be said about the intellectual integrity of the writer ?
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:59:54 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 30, 2021 - 9:10:11 AM

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Christian Dumontel. Autorévélation de l'Homme : lecture jungienne de l'œuvre de Hermann Hesse. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998NAN21006⟩. ⟨tel-01776425⟩



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