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Les relations humaines dans "A la recherche du temps perdu" de Marcel Proust

Abstract : This study sets out to cast light on certain aspects of the conception of human relationships in A la recherche du temps perdu. It shows how these relationships form an ensemble whose constitutive elements are interlinked in both dyadicand group, multiple-input structures, and that they function in term of feedback. The existence of this clearly delineated circular structure shows the modernity of Proust's vision of relationships as a self-regulating system. This system functions in such a way as to continuously renew itself through a host of tiny, often imperceptible changes, while at the same time ensuring its durability and continuity. What Proust is describing, in sum, is the mode of existence of relationships : change. The second aspect of relationships highlighted by Proust's text is their correlarivity and structural interdependence. Because of the universality of the relational structure in A la recherche, Proust's universe transcends the social study to which traditional criticism sometimes tends to confine it. If Proust's narrative offered only finesse of observation, the subtle and finely differentiated perception of bihavioural traits, if it did no more than denounce the hypocrisy, snobbery and theatricality of the upper bourgeoisie and aristocracy in a given age, it would be of only limited interest. Much more important than this period detail is the correlated, interdependent, correlative structure that emerges from its method of description.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:00:39 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 1, 2021 - 3:28:21 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01776461, version 1



Gordana Stojkovic. Les relations humaines dans "A la recherche du temps perdu" de Marcel Proust. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998NAN21034⟩. ⟨tel-01776461⟩



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