Lectures d'Un balcon en forêt de Julien Gracq : l'écriture de la fiction

Abstract : The analysis of Julien Gracq's Un balcon en forêt is based on propositions elaborated in Temps et récit by Paul Ricoeur, who considers fiction as the "time-keeper". The study aims at linking comprehension, interpretation and explanation of the functioning of the text (the "configuration"), at questioning the relation between history (the "phoney war") and fiction, ans at making clear the operation of "refiguration" performed by the reader to build meaning. It first proposes an interpretation of the frame of the fiction in its paratextual organization and its strategic places. The analysis, then, strives to demonstrate how the gracquian text makes the marks of enunciation in fiction waver. The study of temporality does demonstrate that beyond the linearity of fiction a subtle game of anachronies appears, which tends to refuse every kind of referential reading, as the text weaves singular and iterative narrations. As time seems to have stopped, space then occupies an important place : conflictual, it takes on a symbolical and poetical signification, fundamental for the comprehension of the fiction. The study of diegesis in its three elements (pragmatic, cognitive, thymic) shows that in Un balcon en forêt, action is superseded by what is felt and suffered. Thus, a very strict analysis of the textual manifestation allows us to demonstrate how fictional writing is contested by poetical writing, which prefers a paradigmatic structuring. However, even if the gracquian text works in a "closed circumference" it avoids all formalist closure ; on one hand, it appears as a sequence of "imaginative variations on time", on the other hand it leaves initiative to the reader who has become the true producer of an ambiguous and elliptical fiction, and finally, it is "fertilized" by literature and makes sense with reference to an intertext which is always solicited.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1997_0005_MICHEL.pdf
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Raymond Michel. Lectures d'Un balcon en forêt de Julien Gracq : l'écriture de la fiction. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1197NAN21005⟩. ⟨tel-01776484⟩

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