La prévôté de Bruyères aux XVI et XVIIe siècles : population, économie et société

Abstract : This thesis is based upon the systematic study of the rich collection of archives of the tax-collectors of the district of Bruyeres (Vosges) throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and stored in the b files in the meurthe-et-moselle record office. The district of bruyeres is a large administrative unit which is contained in the polygon formed by the towns of chatel-sur-moselle, epinal. Arches, gerardmer, saint-die and rambervillers. It spreads over three natural lands (the plateau of Lorraine, the Vologne valley, and the Vosges mountain) which have had different demographic developments, and it is formed by about fifty communities of 1,000 to 2,000 tax-paying homes. The demographic study takes into account nearly one thousand tax-accounts and registers from 1484 to 1713. The economic study is based upon the outgoings and incomings of the district from 1483 to 1669. The study of society and mentalities is focused on the period between 1490 and 1633 that has kept the tax-collectors' receipts, with a wealth of judicial documents (trials among which trials for witchcraft, and record of fines). The increase in population marked the district, especially in its mountainous area, throughout the sixteenth century. Perceptible as early as 1560, the shift in the situation in the late century brought about an economic and social crisis which resulted in a slackening growth of population and a veritable crisis of civilization. The early seventeenth century knew a demographic revival interrupted by the war of thirty years (la guerre de trente ans) which was responsible for the disappearance of half the tax-paying homes : the plateau of lorraine was the most affected part. Then the demographic recovery was actually visible only in the last third of the century.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1997_0008_MARCHAL_1.pdf
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Claude Marchal. La prévôté de Bruyères aux XVI et XVIIe siècles : population, économie et société. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN21008⟩. ⟨tel-01776489⟩

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