La tradition dans l'oeuvre architecturale de Kenzo Tange : Quelques points de convergence avec la linguistique

Abstract : This work of about one hundred and fifty plans and realizations is constituted of two stages : on the one hand a fonctionalist stage and on the other one a structuralist stage. We can observe a double influence of the japanese tradition over this modern architect, a yayoi influence and a jomon one. The dynamic tradition, such a catalyst stimulates the creative activity, without the least trace in the result. The historic context modifies a plan according to the way in which a co-text, a sentence gives a meaning to a word. A double tendancy, both aesthetic and vitalist is remarkable in japanese tradition. Tradition in Kenzo Tange's architectural work applies to material, vocabulary and relationship, Tange has opted for modern materials, concrete instead of wood and glass instead of paper, but surprisingly enough, the forms remains traditional. The use of concrete and steel is sometimes reminiscent of traditional wooden structure. As for vocabulary, Tange readjusts the traditional elements to modern constructions. For instance, the verandah (engawa) and the canopy (hi sashi), two highly characteristic things of japanese traditional architecture, are re-used as terrace-balcony. As for results, there is a persistence of traditional relations in the modern constructions. For instance, the flexibility of a space by the means of sliding wall remains nearly the same going from a traditional space to a modern one.
Mots-clés : Architecture Linguistique
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Bernard Tchoudi. La tradition dans l'oeuvre architecturale de Kenzo Tange : Quelques points de convergence avec la linguistique. Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 1992. Français. ⟨NNT : 1992NAN21011⟩. ⟨tel-01776510⟩

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