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L'image de la Pologne et des polonais dans l'œuvre de Voltaire

Abstract : A fragmentary and incomplete character of the critic work on the question and its intrinsic importance invite to reopen the investigation on the picture of Poland and poles through the works and polish relations of Voltaire. This doctoral thesis is made up of three parts. The first one, culture and actualities describe the genesis, sources and formation of the picture of Poland. The second one, from the history to the pamphlet, presents the constituent elements of the picture and their reciprocal relations. The third one, debate on the controversial picture, studies its reception, illusions, disillusions and critiques relative to it and to its painter himself. The originality of this approach to the problem consists in putting at the centre of the debate the Voltaire’s political pamphlets which date from later than his historical works. a close examination of these ones and those ones permits to assert the consistency of the philosopher's anti-polish attitude. Nevertheless this attitude, full of nuances, gives rise to numerous misinterpretations. That’s what the author tries to show, summing up critical opinions of Voltaire. He tones down their criticism by presenting the writer's views on Poland in relation to his philosophical, political and social ideas formed by the age of the enlightenment which continues to influence the future centuries.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:02:12 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 2:39:36 PM

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Stanislaw Fiszer. L'image de la Pologne et des polonais dans l'œuvre de Voltaire. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN21023⟩. ⟨tel-01776517⟩



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