Les peuplements castraux de la montagne du Doubs

Abstract : This thesis is part of a research programme at the University of Nancy under the supervision of M. Bur. by associating both ground and textual study, it aims to make a thorough list of the castle settlements in the Doubs, a district bordering Switzerland and whose make-up is 75% mountains. In the first volume, the author strives to bring underline the main features of the grouping together around a castle phenomenon which took place after the year thousand. Except for Montbeliard which appears in the 10th century, and, a few other sites (Rougemont, Vercel...), the dates are generally the thirteenth and beginning of the fourteenth century. These can be explained by the late development of the mountains and the plateau, and, by the initiatives of some noble lineages Chalon, Montfaucon and later Neufchatel exploit the lack of county and episcopal power from the end of the 12th century onwards. Consequently most of these burghs undergo a difficult development exacerbated by the choice of site, characterized in 90% of cases by dominant relief. Sub-equipped religiously speaking, a little better off commercially speaking, they are characterized by extreme modesty, 57% of them are smaller than two hectares. There is only one town, Montbeliard. The other places are just big villages which will become district country towns. Such conditions make it difficult to talk about the set-up of a second urban network. these burghs are very fragile: almost one out of two (45%) are abandoned between the end of the 15th. and the beginning of the 19th century. the three other volumes present the 71 sites selected according to a structure which is always identical: firstly a topographical summary or a map to a scale of 1/2500e, based on the present cadaster, then a note including a description of the site, a body of texts and pictures followed by historical background and finally a bibliography.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1997_0027_BOUVARD_1.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01776524
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André Bouvard. Les peuplements castraux de la montagne du Doubs. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN21027⟩. ⟨tel-01776524⟩

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