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Contribution à la définition des stratégies d'apprentissage : acquisition des langues étrangères : application à un public d'élèves ingénieurs apprenant l'anglais

Abstract : The work is divided into three sections. In the first part, the development of research in the field of learning strategies is described. This description retraces the main discoveries made by specialists in the field of didactics as well as that of cognitive psychology. Comparative studies of these two fields are also described. Starting from these observations, in the second section, a theoretical framework for learning strategies is proposed. The work of J.R. Anderson (1980, 1983) in the field of cognitive psychology, whose ACT model describes the automation of knowledge, is used as a basis. The similarities are pointed out between learning strategies and the cognitive mechanisms of automation which Anderson describes and which are divided into three phases, declarative, associative and procedural, each phase corresponding to a stage in the acquisition process. The descriptions of these mechanisms enable a classification of learning strategies to be developed according to the level of the learner. This is the first classification of learning strategies produced onomasiologically, that is to say, using a theoretical model. In the third part, a verification of this classification is described, based on the observation of learners of different language levels. A study of existing methodologies first enabled the most effective combination of methods to be determined. The data obtained was analyzed using a statistical method, which is the only approach allowing the frequency of the use of different strategies by two groups of learners to be determined. The main conclusions of this study confirm the classification developped in this research.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1997_0031_SOCKETT.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01776532
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:02:28 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 25, 2018 - 1:32:30 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01776532, version 1

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Geoffrey Sockett. Contribution à la définition des stratégies d'apprentissage : acquisition des langues étrangères : application à un public d'élèves ingénieurs apprenant l'anglais. Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN21031⟩. ⟨tel-01776532⟩

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