La géohistoire des mines de fer de Lorraine :

Abstract : With this thesis, I have studied the evolution of Lorraine's mining landscape, from the nineteenth century to present day. But before all, I wanted to show the impact of mining on this landscape. In order to get to know it, I chose to start my work with an inventory of the present landscape, by defining the different parts which make it up. The only goal was to see what the present landscape looked like. In order to understand better what the evolution of this landscape has been, I decided to adopt a chronological process. My second part recounts all the evolution of this part of Lorraine ; I explained what was the original landscape and what it became with the beginning of the mining. Actually, at the end of the nineteenth century, the landscape of Lorraine was mainly agricultural. The iron ore was already known in Lorraine in the last centuries but it was a different type. The discovery of this iron ore was going to disrupt the landscape which became one of the most famous mining iron and steel regions of Europe.Little by little the landscape really became a mining landscape with the houses of the workers and the mining fittings on the surface. Unfortunately at the end of the sixties the mining work declined because of the competition from other countries like Sweden, Brazil or Mauritania, which had some open cast iron mines. The cost of production was lower and France preferred to buy its iron ore from these countries. Then, all the iron mines stopped their working and he mining Lorraine became a " disaster " region. In my last part I wondered what has become of the surface weren't important and only a few buildings still exist, which are now occupied by some small craft companies, the other mining places becoming industrial wastelands where the different mining cities try to attract new activities, which is very difficult, especially since the mining collapses which affected the landscape again. Finally we can say tha it is realyy amazing that such an important economic activity which made Lorraine one of the most important industrial regions of France and Europe, had such little impact on the landscape.
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Valérie Zanetta. La géohistoire des mines de fer de Lorraine :. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 2002. Français. ⟨NNT : 2002NAN21019⟩. ⟨tel-01776538⟩

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