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La lecture du Coran et de la vie de Mahomet au siècle des Lumières

Abstract : Right after the end of the seventeenth century, a new philosophical spirit aiming at discovering the islamic world spreads on the Occident and urges it to lift the veil weaved by the prejudices which first traces date back to the middle ages. At the down of the eighteenth century travelling merchants and orientalists eurdits feel the necessity to equip the european scholars with bibliographies aiming at favouring a more objective knowledge of Islam. New translations of Koran and a proliferation of studies about Mahomet's life offer a new vision, opened on another idea of the koranic fact. Scholars or popularizers put the blame on catholic writers for their abusive exploitation of the fear for Islam and its prophet. But they underline the importance of informing oneself before judging. Just as the Old and the New Testament, the Koran has been criticised by the time's being critics. But, surprinsingly this ordeal made him stronger against the assaults of the reason than the other sacred texts. The authenticity of the book, the simplicity and the rationality of its dogmas draw people's sympathy and even the praise of its readers. Many authors opposed to the devouts hostile to the prophet try to fight with the slanders accusing Islam of being sensual and crual. The judgments and reactions of philosophers, erudits, popularizers to the koranic fact and the contribution of their thinking make up the field of our research.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:03:17 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776571, version 1



Mandana Sadrzadeh. La lecture du Coran et de la vie de Mahomet au siècle des Lumières. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1996. Français. ⟨NNT : 1996NAN21018⟩. ⟨tel-01776571⟩



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