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Les italiens dans l'arrondissement de Saint-Dié : 1870-1970

Abstract : Situated in the north-east of the Vosges, the district of Saint-Dié received several thousand of Italian immigrants from 1870 to 1970. However, they never accounted for more than 2 per cent of the whole population of the district, i.e. about 2000 inhabitants. Nonetheless, and despite their being so few, they had a large part in the local economy. The first workers to arrive between 1880 and 1914 were seasonal masons, road and granite workers. In the 1920s, other workers from building trade followed them as well as women working in factories ; they all came up from Lombardy, Piedmont and Venetia ; after 1945, the ruined towns were rebuilt by unskilled workers from the south of Italy. A fair number of immigrants integrated well into the local population and were granted French citizenship : in the thirties and in the sixties alike, Italian contractors' social success proves outstanding and there is no obvious discrepancy between their children and those of French origin. On the contrary, other transalpine immigrants were compelled to leave the district after a few years or even months because they found themselves out of work or victims of xenophobia from the French natives in the area. As a matter of fact, in spite of the generally held belief and cultural relationship one frequently puts forward, Italian integration into the French population was not achieved easily : in the district of Saint-Dié, the Italians had to fight against prejudices, survive during the hard years of crisis and war, constantly show proof of their good will and their allegiance to their new homeland before being finally acknowledged as " good French people " in 1970.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:03:24 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 26, 2018 - 1:28:32 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01776578, version 1



Olivier Guatelli. Les italiens dans l'arrondissement de Saint-Dié : 1870-1970. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 2002. Français. ⟨NNT : 2002NAN21022⟩. ⟨tel-01776578⟩



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