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La société villageoise de la plaine thermale des Vosges de 1697 à 1789

Abstract : At the beginning of the 18e century, the villagers dwelling in the thermal plain of the Vosges lived in a traditional old regime society. But three generations later, fortunes played a great part in the determination of hierarchies, which foretold the capitalist society of the 19e century. What has the social evolution been like in that particular social group during the age of enlightenment ? Towards 1700, it was a traditional society, ruled by the privileged, who had claimed their rights after the 30 years ‘war, a society subject to old customs. Gradually, the population growth, the (limited) modernization of the economy, the concentration of properties, and the weight of the debt were favorable to the propertied classes. Towers the late seventies, individualism had gained ground and were opposed to traditional customs. It was now a precapitalist society in which wealth, consisting either in land or money, played a great part in the determination of social hierarchies. Hence a double rift which opposed the rich and the poor rather than the privileged and the commoners. yet, the tensions were not strong enough to get rise to a pre-revolutionary unrest.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:04:10 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776615, version 1

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Alain Jacquet. La société villageoise de la plaine thermale des Vosges de 1697 à 1789. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 1995. Français. ⟨NNT : 1995NAN21012⟩. ⟨tel-01776615⟩

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