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Etre, temps, sujet, leur fondement dans le champ philosophique et dans la clinique psychanalytique

Abstract : This thesis is a questioning on the analytical and ontological relations between subject and time. Its material is provided by Greek myth which offers a genuine symbolic structure that orders being according to time. Next it examines the major philosophical texts whose distant dialogue articulates the problematic nature of this relation. We proceed through the writings of Platon, Leibnitz, Kant, Nietzsche and Heidegger in order to build up our own theory. In a third part our discussion is focused on Freud’s contribution to the theory of the subject of the unconscious and its access to temporality. We also evidence how in archaic psychoses there is a partial or a complete destruction of this relation between time and subject. throughout our study we do not merely analyze the concepts of time, being and subject as we tend rather to concentrate on the emergence of the dynamics on which the access of the subject to temporality is founded. It would be quite appropriate here to point out that the access of the human being to time symbolizes his incompleteness and his accessibility to transcendence. The return to Parmenides in the last part shows how as early as the birth of philosophy being emerges through its presence to the time of the world and things.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:06:52 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776823, version 1



Bernard Salignon. Etre, temps, sujet, leur fondement dans le champ philosophique et dans la clinique psychanalytique. Philosophie. Université Nancy 2, 1990. Français. ⟨NNT : 1990NAN21021⟩. ⟨tel-01776823⟩



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