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André Gide et le théâtre

Abstract : An exhaustive survey of Gide’s activities related to the theatre shows how, within his literary career, a genuine dramatic career emerged and what attraction drama always exerted on him. Gide had an exacting conception of dramatic production, centered on the notion of 'characters', which to his mind were the only means of propounding new forms of heroism. While he attached great importance to the literary qualities of the dramatic text, he expressed much reluctance to submit to the constraints of the theatrical performance and found it difficult to comply with them in practice. His ideas throw light on his dramatic production, though there is no direct correlation between the two. These works, however diverse in form, are characterized by one original dramatic formula: a central figure embodying some of Gide’s own ideas in a forceful way, secondary characters to by understand only in relation to the central figure, an interiorized action, a disregard for adventures to the benefit of the inner necessity which guides heroes. In his dramatic works, as in his narratives, Gide experiments with potentials, lives experiences by proxy. The same moral, religious and political concerns are to be found in them. But the objectivities inherent in the dramatic form, and the embodiment of these values in heroes from the antiquity or biblicaltimes, tend to sever these concerns from the author, even though Gide cannot refrain from manifesting his presence through irony.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:06:54 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776827, version 1



Jean Claude. André Gide et le théâtre. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1990. Français. ⟨NNT : 1990NAN21024⟩. ⟨tel-01776827⟩



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