Le concept fonctionnel de cause de paiement : essai sur une analyse renouvelée du paiement

Abstract : The harmonization within Europe on national law, the prospect of a European Cicil Code as well as the preliminary draft of the Civil Code reform show how important it is to modernize the French Civil Code, especially the law of ontracts, essential field in which payment has a specific place and plays considerable role. The present work offers a detailed renewed analysis of payment. The hybrid nature of the payment, and the considerable importance of the will of the parties in respect of the role on the law of obligation, reveal the complexity of the legal act of payment as well as the need to understand the interactions between its objective and subjective elements. The cause of the payment, linking these two types of elements, is seen as a real functionnal concept. It is a new way to understand the notion of payment. This casual approach allows a critical analysis of the general regime of the payment : supremacy of the nation of satisfaction of the creditor, danger implied by the right o third person to extinguish an indebtness, importance of the function of framing related to preliminary obligation of the question of proof of payment, characteristics of the contractual inexecution, coherence to give to the notion of undue payment and to the regime of refund claim. Finally, the concept of cause of the payment extends to the mathods of the payment, at two different levels : elaboration of a general theory about payment orders executed by the banker and aknowledgement of the recourse to evocatory action against suspected fraudulent payments
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Theses
File URL :
http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUD_T_2006_0014_POPULIN.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01776841
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:07:04 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 25, 2018 - 1:32:30 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01776841, version 1

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Claire Populin Deschamp. Le concept fonctionnel de cause de paiement : essai sur une analyse renouvelée du paiement. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006NAN20014⟩. ⟨tel-01776841⟩

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