L'émergence d'un principe d'élections libres en droit international public

Abstract : The appearance to the demand for free elections in the international scene is bound to favorable circumstances: both the + decommunization; ant the weakness of some states allowed and justified this + proposition; Today, free elections form the subject - from the whole international actors - of conventions or resolutions representing real commitments or declarations of intentions, at local and universal level. Then, different pressures conditioning the diplomatic, or economic relationship, add further to the organization of free elections. At last, the states and diverse international organizations (among which is the UN) take part in giving concrete expression to this current free elections requirement. Does this report lead to the acknowledgment of any usual international law standard? Needing to organize free elections may find a double juridical foundation in the human right to political participation and in the self-determination of nations. Today, it's translated by an autonomous obligation of the state to hold free elections whose observance became international (thus establishing an international electoral law). Such a rule traditionally belongs to the strict state ; in the international juridical order its recognition clashes with the principles of non-interference in the internal affairs of the state and of constitutional autonomy. Moreover, as a norm which has an indirect state control impact, it meets some troubles in its application in the international order because its acceptation and adoption (as juridical as political) appear delicate. The weaknesses of the international juridical order and the adaptation of the model concerned, harm the mandatory character and the integration of this free elections principle. However, the obligation for the states to hold free elections despite of the fleeting demand and the tribulations political realities arose, trudge along the rank of norm of the usual international law, but its general character still clashes with the disparity - even more and more decreasing - of political systems
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André Moine. L'émergence d'un principe d'élections libres en droit international public. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998NAN20005⟩. ⟨tel-01776985⟩

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