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Histoire de la décentralisation territoriale en droit iranien

Abstract : The Iranian administration had been from the beginning and during centuries based on the principle of the centralism. The initiation and appearance of territorial decentralization in the Iranian law comes back to the occurrence of the constitutional revolution in 1906 and settling a constitutional regime and resulted in the recognition of local collectives. Since then, in 1907, two important acts namely the municipality act and the act of provincial an departmental committee were enacted which were enough progressive at that stage. The implementation of these tow texts restricted to a limited time due to impacts of several internal and external obstacles mainly aggravated by the First World War. The era of decentralization takes practically fine by the installation of an authoritative regime of the coup in 1921: it is then the return of centralism. Along with the Second World War and in somehow under the influence of it, a socially and politically liberate and democratic context establishes and in this condition the local decentralization, although with some difficulties, starts growing. However this situation does not last too long and come up to end by the coup in 1953. since, with the alone concern to maintain the appearance of a local democracy, municipal committee and municipalities continue to function, provincial and departmental consils come alive again and in addition, village consils begin to work. But all these local collectives are entirely under the control of the central power, so that they are enough far to satisfy the conditions to respect of which is subordinated the realization of the territorial decentralization
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:09:13 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776989, version 1



Kamalaldin Herissinejad. Histoire de la décentralisation territoriale en droit iranien. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998NAN20009⟩. ⟨tel-01776989⟩



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