Nature des autorités de régulation à pouvoirs répressifs et garanties fondamentales de la personne

Abstract : The multiplication of diverse organisms with repressive prerogatives, and specially regulation authorities as the “conseil de la concurrence”, the “conseil superieur de l'audiovisuel” or the “commission des operations de bourses”, is a hardly contestable phenomenon. Facing this tendency, the existence of guarantees flanking their sanction powers seems more important than a sterile debate on the nature-administrative or jurisdictional- of these organisms. The analyse of both jurisprudences of the “conseil constitutionnel” and the European court of human rights allow to draw several fundamental guarantees destined to flank this extra-penal repression. The "fair trial" notion supposes some guarantees concerning first the organisation (independence and impartiality) of this instances and their sanction procedure (defence rights respect it means, cross-examination principle jurisdictional appeal, innocence presumption and oral hearing). These formal guarantees must also be completed by substantial guarantees result from the principle of legality (clear, distinct, accessible and non-retroactive incriminations and sanctions) and from the principle of proportionality (limitation of addition between penal and administrative sanctions, no automatic and justified sanctions)
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUD_T_1995_0001_STASIAK.pdf
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:09:35 PM
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Frédéric Stasiak. Nature des autorités de régulation à pouvoirs répressifs et garanties fondamentales de la personne. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 1995. Français. ⟨NNT : 1995NAN20001⟩. ⟨tel-01777021⟩

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