L'analyse économique de la responsabilité civile de producteur en cas d'accidents provoqués par son produit

Abstract : This study is an economic analysis of product liability rules as devices preventing accidents caused by products. immediately it was admited that legal rules influence the behavior of individuals. Il becomes interesting to shed the light on this effects with the help of economic theory. After discuting the basis of economic analysis of the law, the relative desirability of several producers liability rules are studied in a first party to begin with a simple model involving a producer and a consumer. Next the model is widened to include eventually price maker firms, imperfect information of consumer or judges, risk aversion, insurance markets or products presenting different levels of reliability. In a second party, the economic effects of recent evolution of American, European and French law are studied. These different regulations tend to favour a form of liability without fault. This evolution doesn't seem however to be in accordance with the main conclusions of economic analysis particularly in case of contributory negligence or state of the art defense. Well applied, a rule of liability withfault can permit to minimise social cost of accidents.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUD_T_1991_0009_DEFFAINS.pdf
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Bruno Deffains. L'analyse économique de la responsabilité civile de producteur en cas d'accidents provoqués par son produit. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 1991. Français. ⟨NNT : 1991NAN20009⟩. ⟨tel-01777063⟩

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