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Le pronom "il" en traduction assistée par ordinateur : étude théorique

Abstract : aThe object of our research in linguistics was basically the identification process of the referent of french personal pronoun il. The process calls for a formalisation procedure in the perspective of computer-aided translation (CAT) systems. Consequently, this research is not a study on anaphora, even if this concept remains central to the investigation. The study refers essentially to the first stage of the CAT procedures : analysis. We examined il successively as an impersonal and personal pronoun, and tried to identify or rather "calculate" the right antecedent. The corpora used for experimentation were of two types : literary (Les mots by Jean-Paul Sartre) and legal / technical (Esprit Report published by the EEC Commission). The research is therefore primarily theoritical. The point was to investigate the possibility of elborating a grammar of logic or modular type, and a dictionnary or data base that could be used at a later stage by an expert system designed to identify automatically the right antecedent. The process had to leave no room to intuitive procedures that cannot be supported by CAT systems in current state-of-the-art conditions. As a consequence, operations can be validated only if formalisation is possible. However, some amount of knowledge can be integrated into the process. In short, the study can be considered as a contribution to some of the issues involved in the man-machine dialogue issue. The application of the model provided following results : il is properly identified as an impersonal pronoun in 96% cases and the antecedent of the personal pronoun is recognised in 95.52 occurences. Various methods including quantitative analysis, knowledge representation in pragmatics, application of unification-based grammars, Discourse Representation Theory (DRT), lexical functions, pointed at interesting solutions to solve the remaining 5% ambiguous cases. The obvious follow-up to this study would consist in the writing of a program and an implementation of the data collected to check on the valididity of the results mentioned above
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:13:37 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 22, 2021 - 2:39:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01777182, version 1



Jean-Luc Pétry. Le pronom "il" en traduction assistée par ordinateur : étude théorique. Linguistique. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 1996. Français. ⟨NNT : 1996METZ009L⟩. ⟨tel-01777182⟩



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