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Approche sémio-linguistique de la notion de point de vue

Abstract : The first part is devoted to an epistemological study of critical, narratological, semio-linguistical and hermeneutical approaches which, in the french studies, have dealt with the question of the point of view (=POV, or narrative focalization). The conclusions of this historico-critical approach lead to a constrained definition of POV, and to configurations of semio-linguistical marquers of POV. These are the aims of the second part, which deals with a corpus limited to heterodiegetic narrations. The first section is devoted to a study of the basic structure of the POV and to its textual manifestations. The POV corresponds to the expression of a subjectivity corefering to the third person, independant of the reported speech, whithin narrative and descriptive sequences. The lingusitic bases of the POV are the represented perceptions and/or the represented thougts related to the former, when these perceptions and/or thougts are thematized in backgrounds, most of the time with "imparfait". These represented perceptions and thougts are under the syntactic dependance of a subject and a process of perception mentioned in foregrounds, and/or under the only semantic dependance of an agent or a process which is not explicity mentioned and which the reader infers. According to the various semio-linguistical criteria, these thematization markers may corefer either to the saillant character (=C's POV) or to the narrator (=N's POV). Both subjects of the POV adopt internal or external visions towards diegetic objects. Thus the analysis distanciates itself from the traditional three-way typology of focalizations and accounts for the "external focalization" in terms of external vision of a textual object focalized by C's POV or N's POV. The second section analyses some essential characteristics of these visions. They have a different nature, and a different depth of perspective. Propositions in favour of a scale of depth question the ontological and psychological analyses which were the bases of the narratorial omniscience, and the restricted perception of the character. The third section deals with some aspects concerning the expression of the POV :expression more or less subjective or objective, dissonant or consonant ; initial or final markers of the POV
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Alain Rabatel. Approche sémio-linguistique de la notion de point de vue. Linguistique. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 1996. Français. ⟨NNT : 1996METZ005L⟩. ⟨tel-01777185⟩



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