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Sur quelques problèmes mathématiques en mécanique des fluides

Abstract : This work represents a mathematical study, theoretical and numerical, of some problems related to fluid mechanics. The thesis has three chapters. Chapter I, "nonlinear flow throught a thin slab", is devoted to the study of an incompressible fluid flow. We work in a 3D domain with the height much more smaller than the other two dimensions. We are interested in the Navier-Stokes flow : two cases are treated, provided the presence or not of volume forces and boundary conditions. In chapter II we treat some problems related to the homogenization theory and small parameters technic. The homogenization method is a mathematical method used for the study of the non-homogeneous media with periodic structure. In chapter II, "three-scale convergence for the Stokes problem", we study the classical stationnary Stokes problem. We work in a 3D domain which contains solid obstacles two-periodically distributed, with [epsilon]-periodicity (respectively [epsilon] 2), where [epsilon] is a small parameter. For passing to the limit we use the 3-scale convergence method. The homogenized problem is a three-pressures system. Chapter III, "calculation of the charge in a hydraulic system" is a theoretical and numerical study of a pratical problem : calculation of the charge in a hydraulic system. The equations presented here are find in other domains, such as thermical problems. So this study can be applied to a large class of physical problems
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Renata Béatrice Bunoiu. Sur quelques problèmes mathématiques en mécanique des fluides. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997METZ011S⟩. ⟨tel-01777198⟩



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